HISTORICAL CONTEXT DACIA – year 106 CE.    The war between the Dacians and Romans was coming to an end. Under the leadership of King Decebal, the Dacians resisted heroically. Trajan, the Roman emperor, had deployed the entire Roman army to ensure his victory. He wanted to get hold of the gold of Dacia and in particular eliminate the threat of the Dacians and their allies on the eastern boundaries.
   The last remaining Dacian fortification, the citadel in the Orastiei Mountains, fell into enemy hands. In spite of its fierce resistance, the city of Sarmisegetusa was put under siege and conquered. Some of those who had defended it, Decebal being one of them, managed to get out of the stronghold and decided to keep up the resistance against the Romans within the country. Decebal, hunted down by the Roman cavalry, chose to take his own life rather than being captured alive by his enemies. His name was remembered in History and became legendary!
   Dion Cassius – one of the most famous historians in ancient times - described Decebal as someone “most cunning in his war plans, and skilled in their implementation, he knew how to choose the right moment to attack the enemies, as well as when to make a timely retreat. He was ingenious in laying snares, and a valiant fighter who knew how to make the most of victory, but by the same token he could also concede defeat knowing he had fought well. This is why he was much feared by the Romans”.
   Pliny the Younger also recalled the Dacian King’s obduracy while writing his epistles to the emperor Trajan. In them he referred to what had happened to Decebal who “had been removed from his home, although he had been driven out while he was still alive, he never lost hope” (from Epistolae, VIII, 4, 2 from Pliny the Younger to Trajan).